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4th Southeast Asian Archaeology Workshop, Paris, Friday 29th June 2012

Coordination : Berenice Bellina et Oliver Pryce

You are cordially invited to the 4th Southeast Asian Archaeology Workshop, to be held at the à la Maison de l’Asie (22, avenue du Président Wilson, 75116) in Paris on Friday 29th June 2012.

 

From its foundation at UCL in 2006, the biannual Workshop has been intended to provide a predominantly Anglo-French forum for the informal dissemination and discussion of state-of-the-art regional research, particularly from post-graduate and post-doctoral scholars, complementary to the larger international format of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists meetings.

 

Recent and laudable advances in archaeobotanical “Indian Ocean” research have only emphasised the dearth of material culture data on this topic, especially pottery, and thus, for 2012, the Workshop will have a specific focus on “Ceramics related to maritime exchange networks between the Indian Ocean and South China Sea, c. 500 BC to c. 500 AD.”

Program

Southeast Asian Archaeology Workshop IV

09:30 – 10:00 Arrival and coffee

 

10:00 – 10:15 Opening address from Bérénice Bellina and Oli Pryce

 

10:15 – 10:45 Yvette Balbaligo (University College London) Ceramic and social practices at Ille Cave, Philippines

Abstract: This paper discusses the ceramics from Ille Cave, a multi-period burial and occupation site dating from 9000 BC, and other caves sites in the Dewil Valley where Ille Cave is situated. The pottery shows a range of decorations, and forms suggest that vessels were associated with burial rituals. While some of the pottery share similar styles with earthenware found in Island Southeast Asia, there are technical and stylistic differences within the earthenware pottery from Ille Cave and between it and other cave sites in the Dewil Valley. This paper discusses the communities of practice who produced this range of pottery and its role in burial practices, to evaluate what this can tell us about the social organisation of the people who used the Dewil Valley. This paper will also assess the cultural links between the Dewil Valley and wider Island Southeast Asia, and consider how pottery and burial practices at the site relate to larger scale and longer term chronologies in the region.

 

10:45 – 11:15 Phaedra Bouvet (Paris X) Indian and Indian style ceramics from Khao Sam Kaeo (peninsular Thailand, Chumphon province : 4th – 2nd century B.C.) : how a technological approach combined with the GIS can help rough out the social environment of a site?

Abstract:

Indian fine wares (the so-called “rouletted wares”) and Indian style local ceramics have been discovered at Khao Sam Kaeo. The study of their “chaîne opératoire” and the analysis of their distribution at the site provide information about the different social groups who lived at Khao Sam Kaeo and who used those wares : Were they Indian and/or local people? Did they live side by side, or did they live in separate “neighborhoods”? Did their coexistence at the site generate cultural transfers between the groups? With these questions arises the issue of “indianisation before indianisation”

 

11:15 – 11:45 Break

 

11:45 – 12:15 Franca Cole (University of Cambridge) TBC

Abstract: TBC

 

12:15 – 12:45 Aude Favereau (Paris X) and Bérénice Bellina (C.N.R.S.) Upper Peninsula Thailand ceramics indicative of late prehistoric exchange with the South China Sea

Abstract: Since 2005, the Thai-French archaeological mission in Upper Peninsula Thailand has been excavating and surveying sites belonging to various environments, social groups and of multiple uses. Those include a proto-urban settlement of cosmopolitan nature, Khao Sam Kaeo, and caves sites used as camp sites or burials along the coast such as Tham Tuay, Tham Pla (province of Chumphon) and on islands off shore such as Koh Din (province of Surat Thani) as well as in the interior along the earliest transpeninsular routes (sites in the district of Sawi).

 

Some of these ceramics share a common morpho-stylistic repertoire, amongst which the Sa Huynh-Kalanay-related type, that may be indicative of links to the South China Sea cultural sphere. This assemblage thus helps questioning the interplay between the various groups present in or in contact with the Upper Peninsula and how their circulation and exchange participated in the fashioning of their identity.

 

12:45 – 14:15 Lunch

 

14:15 – 14:45 Coline Lefrancq (Université Libre de Bruxelles) Ceramic productions from the early levels of the Mazar area at Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh

Abstract:

My study is based on the analysis of pottery from the Mazar area of the Mahasthangarh archaeological site in Bangladesh. This corpus, containing 95% common wares and 5% fine wares, of which most are Northern Black Polished and Rouletted wares, has not been studied yet. In 2001, the Bangla-French mission opened a new area called Mazar, located near a mosque. Given the information from ten seasons (to 2011), the excavators have delimited a general occupation of the site from the Maurya period to the XIII c. A.D.

 

In the same spirit as Sandrine Elaigne’s and Dominique Allios’ study of the material from the East Rampart, I am applying a techno-morpho-functional approach to the fine wares discovered during the last four campaigns. I study the diverse productions through the fabric analysis, clay identification and morphological types to reconstruct the chaîne opératoire and to propose possible uses of the vases. Finally, I will compare the results with published assemblages in order to shed a new light on economic exchange networks that developed during the different periods in the area of Mahasthangarh and in the Gulf of Bengal.

 

14:45 – 15:15 Noémie Martin (CEROI-INALCO) Madagascar, une île au carrefour d’influences

Abstract: La question de l’origine du peuplement malgache a été abordée tout au long du 20e siècle par différentes disciplines. Les études génétiques récentes ont confirmé l’hypothèse de vagues de migration vers Madagascar essentiellement depuis l’Asie du Sud-Est et la côte est-africaine.

Face à cet apport de populations d’origine bantu et austronésienne, la question s’est posée de savoir si la Grande Île s’inscrivait dans un continuum culturel avec l’Asie du Sud-Est ou avec la côte orientale de l’Afrique. J’ai choisi d’aborder cette problématique par le biais d’ensembles céramiques datés entre le 7e et le 16e siècle et qui reflètent la diversité des productions existantes dans l’île.

Les résultats qui seront exposés dans le cadre de cette communication constituent le point de départ d’une réflexion plus large sur la pénétration du monde culturel austronésien en direction de la côte est-africaine et à l’inverse, l’avancée du monde culturel bantu vers Madagascar.

 

15:15 – 15:45 Break

 

15:20 – 15:45 Oli Pryce (University of Oxford) Not just pots: building materials, furnaces, moulds, and tuyères are ceramic too!

Abstract: Technical ceramics are a vital component of settlement (archaeological building materials, ‘ABMs’) and high-temperature industrial activities. I will concentrate here on my area of ‘expertise’, metallurgy, but my observations are largely applicable to glass and pottery, which also require kilns and/or crucibles whose design and operation are behaviours liable to be transmitted at variable fidelity through cultural contact and/or migration.

 

I will focus on two examples: firstly iron smelting furnaces, which as others have noted, provide for an enormous range of technological styles suitable for diachronic and multiscalar comparison between South and Southeast Asia, and potentially East Africa; secondly, high-tin bronze production crucibles/moulds demonstrating an imperfect transmission of a very highly skilled activity across the Bay of Bengal. Advancing non-pottery ceramic studies in trans-Asian research will require enhanced cooperation between material specialists where ancient technologies imply crosscutting skillsets and resource exploitation.

 

15:45 – 16:15 Jo Shoebridge (Durham University) The impression that the peacock left: Arikamedu Type 10 and Early Historic Indian Ocean networks of contact

Abstract: The South Asian ceramic Arikamedu Type 10 provides a wealth of unique stylistic attributes which, on interpretation, will aid the reconstruction of Early Historic Indian Ocean networks of contact.  This ceramic was first recorded by Sir Mortimer Wheeler during his excavations at Arikamedu on the Coromandel Coast, South India in 1945 (Wheeler et al: 1946) and has since been recorded at sites on the eastern coast of India, Sri Lanka, Egypt and Indonesia.  Previous research including Ford et al (2005) and Krishnan & Coningham (1997) have attempted to investigate the provenance of the raw material of this ceramic but have been unsuccessful.  Therefore this situation is currently being addressed through the development of an analytical technique specifically designed for this research, which principally uses image analysis.

 

This paper will discuss the initial development of the image analysis technique and the preliminary application of the method to the reconstruction of Early Historic Indian Ocean networks of contact.  It will also introduce the current phase of this research, namely the expansion of the methodology and the widening of the dataset.

 

16:15 – 16:45 Break

 

16:45 – 17:15 Roberta Tomber (British Museum) Closing address and discussion

 

17:15 onwards – Reception

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Deuxième journée d’étude ARGO. Les ports : lieux d’échanges, lieux de cultes

Deuxième Journée d’Études ARGO

Les ports : lieux d’échanges, lieux de cultes

vendredi 24 février 2012, de 10h00 à 18h00
Centre AnHiMA (UMR 8210)
Salle Fabri de Peiresc (INHA)
6 Rue des Petits Champs (ou 2 rue Vivienne), 75002 Paris

http://anhima.fr

Organisatrices : Cecilia D’Ercole, Barbara Kowalzig, Gabriella Piront

Présentation

 

Au cours de la première journée ARGO (novembre 2010), nous avons lancé le projet d’un réseau scientifique explorant les liens entre « maritimité, religion et économie dans la Méditerranée ancienne ». Nous avons envisagé cette « triangulation conceptuelle » comme un possible outil heuristique permettant d’éclairer un système de comportements et de relations propres aux mondes anciens. Lors de cette première journée, qui a eu un caractère intentionnellement ouvert, plusieurs questions ont surgi, portant sur les termes de l’intersection envisagée entre espace maritime, religion et économie. Qu’est-ce qu’on peut définir maritime ? Quelle est la durée chronologique du modèle proposé ? Y a-t-il une spécificité « maritime » de l’interaction entre économie et religion ? Si oui, comment la définir ?

Afin de débattre toutes ces questions, nous souhaiterions maintenant vérifier le caractère opératoire de notre hypothèse d’interprétation par rapport à un cadre spatial défini : l’espace portuaire. En concentrant l’analyse sur le port urbanisé, nous envisageons ainsi de l’étudier dans une dimension temporelle ouverte sur plusieurs époques, de la période archaïque jusqu’au Bas Moyen-Âge. Depuis Max Weber, on sait l’importance de la ville côtière dans les dynamiques du développement économique des sociétés anciennes. Par ailleurs, les recherches récentes sur les emporia anciens, menées à la fois sur les textes littéraires et épigraphiques et sur les contextes archéologiques, ont souvent montré l’efficacité du triangle heuristique que nous avons proposé. En effet, les ports sont à la fois les lieux des échanges et un espace balisé par plusieurs lieux de cultes. Mais le port ainsi envisagé est aussi un espace où se concrétise le rapport entre la cité et la côte, un front de mer « urbanisé » et parfois même monumentalisé, telle une sorte d’affichage extérieur de la cité. Dans la perspective des voyageurs, des marchands, des pèlerins, des guerriers, le port représente en effet le premier aperçu d’une réalité urbaine étrangère, et offre souvent le seul regard possible sur des lieux où on ne choisira pas forcément – ou systématiquement – de s’y arrêter, selon les dynamiques propres à la circulation maritime. Dans un sens plus large, le front de mer est l’espace de la négociation : entre l’extérieur et la cité, entre la cité et son arrière-pays. C’est le lieu où les normes de la négociation et les estimations partagées de la valeur s’établissent dans le cadre des relations d’échange. Il s’agit alors d’analyser les formes possibles des relations politiques, économiques et culturelles qui en découlent.

Espace intermédiaire entre la circulation maritime et la normativité politique, « le port antique » nous paraît offrir les ouvertures les plus stimulantes pour aborder notre deuxième journée d’études ARGO.

 

Programme

10h00 Accueil des intervenants et ouverture des travaux par François DE POLIGNAC,
Cecilia D’ERCOLE, Gabriella PIRONTI

10h15 Barbara KOWALZIG (New York) : « Les espaces portuaires entre économie et
religion : perspectives d’anthropologie historique ».

10h45 Roland ETIENNE (Paris) : « Mer, religion et commerce à Délos »
Respondent : Cecilia D’ERCOLE (Paris)

11h30 Pause

11h45 Irad MALKIN (Tel Aviv) : « L’Anabase de Xénophon : perspectives maritimes,
régions côtières et arrière-pays »
Respondent : Ivana SAVALLI (Paris)

12h30 Annick FENET (Paris) : « Le port, lieu de tous les dangers ? Heurs et malheurs de
la vie portuaire en Grèce ancienne »
Respondent : Gabriella PIRONTI (Naples)

13h30 Pause déjeuner

15h00 Nicolas CARAYON (Rome) : « Rituels, lieux de culte et sanctuaires au sein des
espaces portuaires phénico-puniques »
Respondent : Corinne Bonnet (Toulouse)

15h45 Eric VALLET (Paris) : « Aden/Alexandrie : la fabrique des ports islamiques (VIIe-
XVe siècle) »
Respondent : Hinnerk BRUHNS (Paris)

16h30-17h45 Discussion générale, animée par Michel GRAS (Paris)

18h00 Cocktail

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Séminaire : A. Cattaneo et A. Curvelo, L’île de Kyûshû vers 1600

Interactions et pratiques européennes et asiatiques: l’île de Kyûshû c.1600 comme nouveau centre mondial de réflexion et de production culturelle

 

Intervention de M. Angelo CATTANEO (Chercheur, Centre d’études d’Outre-mer de l’Université nouvelle de Lisbonne)

et de  Mme Alexandra CURVELO (Chercheur, Centre d’études d’Outre-mer de l’Université nouvelle de Lisbonne  )

Dans le cadre du séminaire “Les portugais et le monde asiatique: religions, cultures et politiques (XVIe-XXIe siècles)”,

 organisé par l’Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient, la Délégation en France de la Fondation Calouste Gulbenkian et l’Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, coordonné par Dejanirah Couto et François Lachaud.
 
 
MERCREDI,  le 7 DECEMBRE 2011 de 16h à 18h

à la Délégation en France de la Fondation Calouste Gulbenkian
39, Bd. de la Tour-Maubourg, 
75007 – Paris
M° La Tour-Maubourg

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Séminaire 2011-2012 : Archéologie de l’est de l’Océan Indien / Archaeology of the Eastern Indian Ocean

 

Archéologie de l’est de l’océan Indien : Echanges préhistoriques et du début de la période historique depuis les confins iraniens jusqu’à la Mer de Chine Méridionale 

Organisateur : Bérénice Bellina (CNRS- UMR “Mondes iranien et indien”)

Séminaire de l’UMR 7528 « Mondes iranien et indien », Maison de l’Asie –

salon au premier étage

22, avenue du Président Wilson, Paris 16ème

 

Dans ce séminaire, nous nous intéresserons aux indices récents d’échanges locaux, régionaux et inter-régionaux maritimes qui ont intégré différents écosystèmes et groupes sociaux depuis les confins du monde iranien et jusqu’à la mer de Chine méridionale au cours de la préhistoire et jusqu’au premier millénaire de notre ère.

Dépassant les frontières politiques et disciplinaires traditionnelles, les participants examineront les différents types d’interconnections qui ont lié des populations variées depuis le Golfe arabo-persique jusqu’à la Mer de Chine à la lumière de l’histoire, de l’archéologie, de la botanique, de la génétique, de la linguistique, de l’histoire de l’art et de l’anthropologie. Embrassant de larges échelles chronologiques et géographiques, ce séminaire privilégie une approche comparative. Autant que faire se peut, les participants s’attacheront à discuter comment ces connexions ont contribué à façonner les paysages sociaux, économiques et politiques et ont pu donner naissance à des configurations socio-culturelles communes aux sociétés qui y participaient.

Archaeology of the Eastern Indian Ocean: Prehistoric and Early Historical Exchange from the Iranian borders to the South China Sea

Organiser: Dr Bérénice Bellina

 

In this seminar we wish to examine recent evidence for local, regional, and inter-regional networks integrating various ecosystems and social groups from the border of Iranian coasts to the South China Sea from the prehistoric period to the first millennium CE.

Seeking to erode traditional political and disciplinary frontiers in favour of more diverse perspectives, we invite participants to draw together varied lines of enquiry ranging from botany, genetics, history, linguistics, art history and anthropology to examine the different types of interconnections which brought together various populations, extending from the Persian Gulf to the South China Sea. This seminar encourages studies employing a comparative approach looking over extended time and geographic scales. Whenever possible, participants shall discuss how those connections participated in fashioning the social, economical and political landscapes and gave rise to shared socio-cultural configurations in many of those integrated societies.

 

Le séminaire se tiendra un mardi par mois (précisions dans le programme) de 10h à 11h30 dans le salon au premier étage

 

Programme

 

– 8 Novembre 

Noémie Martin, Post-doctorante Centre d’étude et de recherche sur l’océan Indien occidental (CEROI-INALCO)

« Production céramique de l’Océan indien occidental »

 

– 6 Décembre

Jean-François Salles, Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée

« Le site archéologique de Mahasthan dans le contexte historique du Bengale oriental – IVe s. av. J.-C. – XIIe s. ap. J.-C. »

 

– 27 mars

François-Xavier Ricaut; CNRS UMR 5288, Laboratoire d´Anthropobiologie Moléculaire et Imagerie de Synthèse (AMIS), Université de Toulouse (Paul Sabatier) –

“Comment l’anthropologie génétique interprète les liens entre Madagascar et l’Asie du Sud Est et leurs impacts sur la genèse des populations malgaches”

– 24 Avril

Jane Allen, Geo-archéologue, International Archaeological Research Institute, Hawaii

“Trade, Its Agricultural Support Base, and a Changing Landscape at Early Trade Sites in Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand.”

 

– 29 Mai

Nicole Boivin, Senior Research Fellow, School of Archaeology, Oxford.

“Multidisciplinary perspectives on early maritime connections between Southeast Asia and Africa”.

 

5 Juin

Roberta Tomber, British Museum, London

“East coast of India in contrast to the west?”

 

 

 

 

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Conférence : Chantal Radimilahy, La céramique chinoise dans la collection du Musée d’Art et d’Archéologie de l’Université d’Antananarivo

Dans le cadre de la série de conférences

« Actualité de la recherche en céramique chinoise »

(Responsable : ZHAO Bing, CNRS UMR 8155 CRCAO)

Mme Chantal Radimilahy (Institut des Civilisations/Musée d’Art et d’Archéologie de l’Université d’Antananarivo,  Madagascar) donnera une conférence intitulée :

La céramique chinoise dans la collection du Musée d’Art et d’Archéologie de l’Université d’Antananarivo

Discutante : Mme Michèle Pirazzoli-t’Serstevens (EPHE)

Le 14 décembre 2011 à 10h00

Dans le salon de la Maison de l’Asie

(22, avenue du Président Wilson, 75116, Paris)

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Nouvelle parution : Early Interactions between South and Southeast Asia: Reflections on Cross-cultural Exchange, ed. Pierre-Yves Manguin, A. Mani and Geoff Wade


Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2011.

Présentation de l’éditeur

This book takes stock of the results of some two decades of intensive archaeological research carried out on both sides of the Bay of Bengal, in combination with renewed approaches to textual sources and to art history. To improve our understanding of the trans-cultural process commonly referred to as Indianisation, it brings together specialists of both India and Southeast Asia, in a fertile inter-disciplinary confrontation. Most of the essays reappraise the millennium-long historiographic no-man’s land during which exchanges between the two shores of the Bay of Bengal led, among other processes, to the Indianisation of those parts of the region that straddled the main routes of exchange. Some essays follow up these processes into better known “classical” times or even into modern times, showing that the localisation process of Indian themes has long remained at work, allowing local societies to produce their own social space and express their own ethos.

Sommaire

Foreword by K. Kesavapany

Preface by Pierre-Yves Manguin, A. Mani and Geoff Wade

Introduction
Pierre-Yves Manguin

I. New Archaeological Evidence from South Asia and Southeast Asia

1. Central Vietnam during the Period from 500 BCE to CE 500
– Lam Thi My Dzung

2. Ban Don Ta Phet and Khao Sam Kaeo: The Earliest Indian Contacts Re-assessed
– Ian C. Glover and Bérénice Bellina

3. Preliminary Study of Indian and Indian Style Wares from Khao Sam Kaeo (Chumphon, Peninsular Thailand), Fourth-Second Centuries BCE
– Phaedra Bouvet

4. Early Contacts between India and the Andaman Coast in Thailand from the Second Century BCE to Eleventh Century CE
– Boonyarit Chaisuwan

5. The Batujaya Site: New Evidence of Early Indian Influence in West Java
– Pierre-Yves Manguin and Agustijanto Indradjaja

6. Continuity and Change in South Indian Involvement in Northern Sumatra: The Inferences of Archaeological Evidence from Kota Cina and Lamreh
– E. Edwards McKinnon

7. South Asia and the Tapanuli Area (North-West Sumatra): Ninth-Fourteenth Centuries CE
– Daniel Perret and Heddy Surachman

8. Emergence of Early Historic Trade in Peninsular India
– K. Rajan

9. Contacts between India and Southeast Asia in Ceramic and Boat Building Traditions
– V. Selvakumar

10. Marine Archaeological Investigations along the Tamil Nadu Coast and its Implications for Understanding the Cultural Expansion to Southeast Asian Countries
– Sundaresh and A.S. Gaur

II. Localisation in Southeast Asia

11. Tamil Merchants and the Hindu-Buddhist Diaspora in Early Southeast Asia
– John Guy

12. The Spread of Sanskrit in Southeast Asia
– Johannes Bronkhorst

13. The Early Inscriptions of Indonesia and the Problem of the Sanskrit Cosmopolis
– Daud Ali

14. Indian Architecture in the ‘Sanskrit Cosmopolis’: The Temples of the Dieng Plateau
– Julie Romain

15. The Importance of Gupta-period Sculpture in Southeast Asian Art History
– Robert L. Brown

16. Individuals under the Glaze: Local Transformations of Indianisation in the Decorative Lintels of Angkor
– Martin Polkinghorne

17. Early Musical Exchange between India and Southeast Asia
– Arsenio Nicolas

18. Buddhism and the Circulation of Ritual in Early Peninsular Southeast Asia
– Peter Skilling

19. Early Buddhism in Myanmar: Ye Dhammā Inscriptions from Arakan
– Kyaw Minn Htin

20. Hindu Deities in Southern Vietnam: Images on Small Archaeological Artefacts
– Le Thi Lien

21. ‘The Depositing of the Embryo’ – Temple Consecration Rituals in the Hindu Tradition of South and Southeast Asia: A Study of the Textual and Archaeological Evidence
– Anna A. Ślączka

22. Localisation of Indian Influences as Reflected in the Laotian Versions of the Ramayana
– Sachchidanand Sahai

23. Broken Threads: Contested Histories of Brahminism in Cambodia and Thailand and the Construction of Ritual Authority
– Boreth Ly

List of Contributors

Index

Plus d’informations : http://nsc.iseas.edu.sg/others/early_interactions_book.htm

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Call for Papers : Textile Trades and Consumption in the Indian Ocean World, from Early Times to the Present

International Conference organized by the Indian Ocean World Centre (IOWC), McGill University, Montreal, Canada

2-4 November 2012

Co-Organisers: Gwyn Campbell (IOWC, McGill University), Sarah Fee (Royal Ontario Museum),
and Pedro Machado (Indiana University)

This multi-disciplinary international conference aims to bring together scholars from
across the humanities and social sciences to share findings, methodologies and
theoretical perspectives on cloth’s critical role in driving exchanges in the Indian
Ocean World from early times to the present day.

Oceans have emerged as promising intellectual frameworks for reinterpreting past and
present spatial and temporal constructs. The Indian Ocean World (IOW) in particular has
recently attracted academic attention as a space of movement and inter-relation that transcends conventional paradigms centring on the nation
state, regional studies, and European empires. Stretching from East Africa through the
Middle East, South and Southeast Asia to China, the IOW forms a unique macro-region where
the monsoon regime of winds and currents largely moulded production and exchange. Indeed,
the IOW emerged during the first millennium CE as arguably the first “global” economy,
defined as a sophisticated and durable system of long-distance exchange. There is further
debate as to the impact on the IOW trading structure of Europeans from the sixteenth
century, the international economy of the nineteenth century, European colonialism and
its aftermath, and modern globalisation.

Central to these debates is the role of textiles. For centuries, cloths of various
origins, fibres, colours and patterns have been carried along coasts and across vast
distances to communities that demanded certain types in accordance with their specific
cultural, social and political universes. Rather than take a particular fibre, ‘country’
or European company as the unit of study, this conference aims to explore the broader
cross-currents of textile flows in the IOW. It seeks to explore, in particular,
structures of trade, distribution, demand, marketing and consumption – in all of which
finance and credit played vital roles. It also strives to understand local consumer
demand as a vital force in shaping the economic, political, social, and artistic history
in both producer and consumer communities. Emerging from the wider scholarship of
culturally inflected material histories of the movement and exchange of commodities, the
study of textile consumption and the logics of consumer tastes, as socially and
culturally embedded processes, can offer compelling insight into how societies,
communities and people create and maintain identities through strategies of
self-fashioning, and thereby shape the world around them. Moreover, it is when studied
within the same analytical frame as the production, distribution and marketing of
textiles that consumption can contribute most profoundly to an understanding of the
dynamics of the worlds of the Indian Ocean stretching from Africa to East Asia.

This multi-disciplinary international conference invites paper proposals that examine any
aspect of the trade, exchange and consumption of textiles in the Indian Ocean world from
early times to the present day. We particularly welcome papers that explore networks and
structures of:

– local finance and credit

– distribution and marketing

– demand and consumption

and within these the significance of (i) gender and age; and (ii) religious practice and
ideology  (including the ritual, political and social uses and meanings attached to
imported cloth)

Dates and Registration:

*  Deadline for submission of abstracts (title; 1-2 paragraphs): 21 October 2011.

* The review process will be completed by 1st November 2001.

*  Papers selected for the conference must be submitted no later than 1st September 2012.

*  The registration fee is $175 US ($75 US for students) payable by 1st September 2012.

*  The late registration fee (after 1st September 2012) is $200 US and $100 US for
students

Kindly contact Sarah Fee <sarahf@rom.on.ca> or Pedro Machado <pmachado@indiana.edu> with
proposals (or with any queries).

http://indianoceanworldcentre.com/

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Networks 1400

Nouvelle parution : Rila Mukherjee (ed.), Networks in the First Global Age: 1400–1800

Indian Council of Historical Research, 2011, 410 p.  ISBN: 978-93-80607-09-2

The book

The dynamics of the maritime world has held the fascination of researchers and scholars of history for long. Viewing the waterscapes as conduits of much economic and cultural sharing between peoples and lands, the focus of Networks in the First Global Age: 1400–1800 is on the oceans and seas––the Indian, the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans and the Mediterranean Sea––and economic, military and cultural transmissions within and across them.

The book shows how conventional arguments in history writing about the rise of the West, the hegemon of the State and the might of overseas colonial empires can be overturned by emphasizing on dynamic, collaborative, nonlinear networks as opposed to formal networks based on hierarchy. Such networks signal a completely different picture about global interactions in the period 1400–1800, emphasizing the centrality of peoples and commodities at different times in different parts of the world. More importantly, the book challenges chronological readings and urges us to think spatially instead.

With contributions from Indian, American, French and Iberian scholars, Networks in the

First Global Age: 1400–1800 tells us what happens when the sea of history meets the sea of network analysis.

The editor

Rila Mukherjee is Professor and Head, Department of History, School of Social Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India. Her specialization is on the silk trade and traders in pre-colonial Bengal. She is the author of Strange Riches: Bengal in the Mercantile Map of South Asia (2006) and Merchants and Companies in Bengal: Kasimbazar and Jugdia in the Eighteenth Century (2006).

The contributors

Amândio Jorge Morais Barros * Ernestine Carreira * David Alonso García * Rattan Lal

Hangloo * Srijan Sandip Mandal * Rila Mukherjee * Antoni Picazo Muntaner * J.B. Owens * Amélia Polónia * Ana Crespo Solana * Alex M. Thomas * Timothy D. Walker

 

 

List of Contents

Rila Mukherjee, Introduction- “The Many Faces of the First Global Age, c. 1400-1800”

I Situating the Agenda: The Many Systems of the First Global Age

01 J.B. Owens, ‘What kind of system is it? The DynCoopNet Project as a Tribute to Andre Gunder Frank (1929-2005)’.

02 Ana Crespo Solana, ‘Geostrategy of a System? Merchant Societies and Exchange Networks as connection centres in the Spanish Atlantic trade in the First Global Age’.

II Oceans, Routes and Ports: Systems and Networks

03 Antoni Picazo Muntaner, ‘Ports and Commercial Networks in the Indian and Pacific Ocean: Models and Flows of Capitalism’.

04 Amândio Jorge Morais Barros, “Linking the Atlantic and Asian Worlds: Porto and the Indian Trade Dynamics in the Sixteenth Century”

III Other Networks: Military, Scientific and Terrestrial

05 Ernestine Carreira, ‘The French Military Network in the service of the Portuguese in India’

06 Timothy D. Walker, ‘Stocking Colonial Pharmacies: Commerce in South Asian Indigenous Medicines from their Native Sources in the Portuguese Estado da Índia’.

07 Rattan Lal Hangloo, “Between South and Central Asia: Networks in the Himalayan Region of Ladakh”

IV Dynamic Cooperative Commercial, Financial and Cultural Networks in Europe and Asia

08 J. B. Owens, ‘Social Networks of Milanese Merchants in Sixteenth-Century Castile’.

09 David Alonso García, ‘Between Three Continents. The Fornari Networks and their Businesses at the Beginning of the First Global Age’.

10 Rila Mukherjee, “The ‘Small World’ of the Silk Merchant at Kasimbazar, India”

11 Amélia Polónia, ‘Global interactions: Representations of the East and the Far East in Portugal in the Sixteenth Century)’.

V. Systemic Theories and the Pitfalls of Comparative History Writing

12 Srijan Sandip Mandal, “A ‘World System’ Stretched? The Case of the ‘Eurasian and African World Systems’

13. Alex M. Thomas, “Networks of Production and Circulation in South Asia, 1500-1700: An Indian Ocean Perspective”

Bibliography

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Table ronde L’Occident, la croisade et l’Éthiopie (XIIe-XVIe siècle)

LIEU : Cemaf-Ivry / CNRS Délégation Paris-A 27, rue Paul Bert Ivry-sur Seine

vendredi 8 avril 2011

Organisée par Benjamin Weber (université de Pau-Pays de l’Adour) et Robin Seignobos (Paris-I-CEMAF) avec le soutien du Centre d’étude des mondes africains (CEMAF-UM 8171)

Présentation

A partir du XIIe siècle, le vaste mouvement que l’on résume sous le nom de croisade incite l’Occident à s’ouvrir davantage au monde, physiquement comme mentalement. Ses implications dans les relations avec les musulmans, les chrétiens d’Orient ou encore les Mongols sont bien connues et ont fait l’objet de nombreux travaux. En revanche, les études récentes consacrées aux liens entre l’Occident et le royaume chrétien d’Éthiopie restent encore rares et fragmentaires.

Il est vrai que la dispersion et la diversité des sources rendent l’analyse de ces connexions délicate. Cette table ronde est d’abord conçue comme une occasion de rencontres et d’échanges pour saisir l’ampleur du phénomène et évaluer ses possibilités d’étude. Elle voudrait aussi jeter des bases pour mieux saisir la place stratégique, politique, économique ou symbolique de l’Éthiopie dans les rapports entre Occident et Islam ainsi que l’extension et les limites de son intégration à l’orbis christianus.

Programme

- 9h Accueil des participants et introduction

Sources et transmission des savoirs

Les textes

- 9h30, Patrick Gautier Dalché (CNRS-IRHT), L’Ethiopie selon Gryphon de Flandres, Martino Segono de Novo Brdo et Pietro Ranzano

- 10h, Jacques Paviot (université Paris XII), L’Éthiopie dans le Voyage d’Outre-mer de Bertrandon de la Broquière (1432)

10h30 Questions et débats

11h Pause café

Les sources non-textuelles

- 11h20, Emmanuelle Vagnon (CNRS/BNF – département des cartes et plans), Comment localiser l’Ethiopie : la confrontation des sources antiques et des témoignages modernes au XVe siècle

- 11h50, Claudine Delacroix-Besnier (université de Picardie), Les inscriptions polyglottes de Santo Stefano protomartire au Vatican

12h20 Questions et débats

12h50 Déjeuner au restaurant du CNRS

Voyages et rencontres

Connexions indirectes

- 14h30, Julien Loiseau (IUF/université Montpellier III), Le Caire, nid d’espions. Le sultanat mamelouk et les relations entre l’Occident et l’Éthiopie

- 15h, Robin Seignobos (université Paris-I-CEMAF), L’autre royaume du Prêtre Jean. La Nubie chrétienne et la croisade

15h30 Questions et débats

16h Pause café

Connexions directes

- 16h20, Hervé Pennec (CNRS-CEMAf) La Brève Relation de João Bermudes : un récit de revendications

- 16h50, Benjamin Weber (université de Pau-Pays de l’Adour) Faux et vrais éthiopiens en Occident au XVe siècle : du bon usage des connexions

17h20 Questions et débats

17h50 Conclusion

Eric Vallet

Maitre de conférences, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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