Dimitrios Papanikolaou – “The Last Phase of ‘Hellenismos’ in post-Hellenistic India”

Dimitrios Papanikolaou (philopappos@yahoo.gr)

The Last Phase of in ΕΛΛΗΝΙCΜΟC post-Hellenistic India


It was in 1886, when P. Gardner published his work on Hellenistic Greek coinage from Bactria and India, the first important modern account of the subject.1 In this work, Gardner made an account and a presentation of coins of Greek-speaking Hellenistic monarchs in Bactria and India and, in fact, made a (not always flawless) first attempt at establishing the history, succession and dates of those Greek-speaking monarchs.2  His main problem were the coins of Greek monarchs south of the Hindokush struck after 130 BC, i. e. after the collapse of Greek rule in Bactria north of the Hindokush at the hands of the Yueh-chi. Gardner was at a loss concerning the dates of all those later monarchs.3 He contended (erroneously as it was later proven) that Greek rule south of the Hindokush appears to have faded out around 30 BC in the region of Kabul or Begram under king Hermaeus; this assertion seems to have influenced the analysis of W. W. Tarn and A. K. Narain on the end of Greek rule over parts of the Indian subcontinent.4 Continuer la lecture de Dimitrios Papanikolaou – “The Last Phase of ‘Hellenismos’ in post-Hellenistic India”

  1. P. Gardner, The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum, London 1886. []
  2. Gardner (n.1), xviii-xxxii, xxxiv-xxxix. []
  3. On this uncertainty, see Gardner (n.1), xxx-xxxii, xxxiv, xxxviii. []
  4. On this assertion, see Gardner (n.1), xxxi. Cf. the analysis of W. W. Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, Cambridge 1922 (1951 2 ), 349-350; A. K. Narain, The Indo-Greeks, Oxford 1957, p.164. []